Deploy XP Images in the Computer Lab with Windows Deployment Services on Server 2003.
Windows Deployment Services will allow you to image XP machines across the network. Windows Deployment Services (WDS) is included in the Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK) and in Windows Server 2003 SP2. This is an imaging / cloning method that allows you to clone lab and campus computers without using any floppy drives, CD drives or boot disks. Instead, you set the client computer's BIOS to start the boot from the network card. The network card then gets an IP address from a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server, then it locates the WDS server that will send a boot image file to boot the client machine. Once the machine is booted you will be presented with a menu to select an image file located on the WDS server to clone your client machine.
This tutorial covers 4 main steps to successfully deploying XP images with Windows Deployment Services (WDS).
Configure WDS server to capture and deploy images.
Configure client to boot from network card and sysprepping XP for automatic installation.
Capturing sysprepped XP image from client to WDS server.
Deploying sysprepped XP image from WDs server to client.
To do this, you will need:
The WDS server must be a member of an Active Directory domain or a domain controller for an Active Directory domain.
Windows Server 2003 with WDS installed.
A DHCP server for the clients to automatically obtain IP addresses.
A DNS server.
An NTFS partition on the WDS server to store images.
2 files: F1_WINPE.WIM and F3_WINPE.WIM from the Windows AIK. These files are required to capture images from clients.
1 file: boot.WIM from a Windows Vista DVD. This file is required to install images on clients.
Client computers configured in the BIOS to boot from the network card. (PXE booting)
A client machine with XP configured to your specs, and sysprepped for imaging.
1. Configure WDS server to capture and deploy images.
Install WDS on your Windows 2003 Server. On Windows Server 2003 SP2, go to Start > Control Panel > Add or Remove Programs > Add / Remove Windows Components > Windows Deployment Services. If you are using Server 2003 SP1, you have to install RIS first, then upgrade to WDS using the Windows AIK.
On the desktop create a folder called WDS temp to store the following 3 files: Right click on the Windows AIK disc and find the WinPE.Cab file and extract the F1_WINPE.WIM and F3_WINPE.WIM bootable files. We need these in order to capture an image from our base machine. Put those in the WDs temp folder.
Next, insert the Windows Vista DVD and copy the boot.WIM file located in the "sources' folder. Paste that file in the WDS temp folder.
Start and Configure WDS
1. On the Start menu, click Administrative Tools, and then click Windows Deployment Services. 2. In the left pane of the Windows Deployment Services MMC snap-in, expand the server list. 3. Click the server that you want to manage. 4. If the server is not in the servers list, right-click the Servers node to add a server. 5. In the Add Server(s) dialog box, click Another computer, and then browse to select the computer to manage. 6. In the Add Server Warning dialog box, click Yes to add the server. 7. Right-click the server that you want to manage, and click Configure Server to start the Windows Deployment Services Configuration Wizard. 8. At the Welcome page, click Next. 9. At the Remote Installation Folder Location page, click Next to accept the default location (C:\RemoteInstall). 10. If the Microsoft DHCP service is on the server that is being configured as a Windows Deployment Services server, set DHCP Option 60 to PXEClient and set Windows Deployment Services to Do not listen on Port 67. 11. On the PXE Server Initial Settings page, click Respond to all (known and unknown) client computers. 12. Click Finish to complete the configuration. 13. Clear the Add images to Windows Deployment Services now check box, then click Finish.
Add the Boot Images F1_WINPE.WIM and F3_WINPE.WIM to WDS
In the WDS control panel, right click the "Boot Images" folder and select "Add Boot Image".
Browse to the WDS temp folder on the desktop where you saved the F1_WINPE.WIM and F3_WINPE.WIM files.
Add both images, the restart WDS and 2 new boot images will appear in the "Boot Images" folder. We will use the "Windows Vista PE (X86)" image.
Create a Capture Boot Image for your XP machines
Right click the "Windows Vista PE (X86)" image and select "Create Capture Boot Image". We will use this boot image to capture (transfer) the sysprepped XP image from the client to the WDS server.
Name the capture image "XP Capture Boot Image" and save it to C:\RemoteInstall\CaptureBootImages (you'll need to create the capturebootimages folder) and click Next.
Import the XP Capture Boot Image into the WDS "Boot Images" folder.
In the WDS control panel, right click the "Boot Images" folder and select "Add Boot Image".
Browse to the CaptureBootImages folder and choose the "XP Capture Boot Image.WIM file you created previously. Click Next to add the image. When the image is added you will see it in the "boot images" folder.
Import the boot.wim image into the WDS "Boot Images" folder. This image file is used for the DEPLOYMENT of images to client computers. In the WDS control panel, right click the "Boot Images" folder and select "Add Boot Image". Browse to the WDS temp folder on the desktop and select the boot.wim image file. Click Next and name the file "XP Deployment Boot Image". Click Next to add the image to the Boot Images folder.
When the image is added you will see it in the "boot images" folder.
Create an Image Group in the Install Images folder. Image Groups organize images into similar types. You must have at least one image group to upload images. In this example there are three groups, Administrative desktops, Computer lab desktops and Servers. Right Click on the Install Images folder and "Add Image group".
We are finished preparing the WDS server.
2. Configure client to boot from network card (PXE boot) and prepare the client machine for imaging with Sysprep
PXE (Preboot eXecution Environement) works with the network interface card (NIC) in the PC, and makes the NIC a boot device. It allows the client PC to boot from the network. The client PC will boot from the network by receiving a "boot image file" from the WDS server.
To configure your client PC to boot from the network card, access the computer's BIOS. The BIOS is accessed by entering a key during power up. The keys vary by computer model and brands, but F1, F2, F12, DEL, and ESC are common. You may have to google your computer model to get the proper key.
In the BIOS control panel, locate the menu for changing the startup sequence. Set the first boot device to the Nic card. In the screen pic below, it is a PXE menu item, on some motherboards the choice may be 'LAN' or something similar.
Prepare the client machine for imaging with Sysprep. Sysprep prepares a computer for imaging by removing unique Security Identifiers (SIDs) and providing automation and control to the unattended installation process. You must sysprep in order to image a computer to the WDS server.
Create a folder in the root of the C: drive called sysprep: C:\sysprep Put the Windows XP CD in the CD ROM. Navigate to the Support\Tools folder, extract "Deploy" and put the contents in the C:\sysprep folder.
In the sysprep folder double click "setupmgr.exe" to create a new answer file for an automatic installation on Windows. Select Sysprep setup > Windows Xp professional > Accept terms of agreement and then fill in the rest of the information such as product key, computer name, administrator password, domain info, default settings, etc. When you are finished, save the answer file. Windows will use this file to automate the installation.
In the sysprep folder, double click the sysprep.exe file. Sysprep prepares a system for duplication by removing the original SIDs (Security Identifiers) in the image. During installation, a Mini-Setup routine creates a unique SID for each destination computer. Tick the box "Use Mini Setup" and click the "RESEAL" button.
The computer will shutdown. It is ready to be imaged to the WDS server on the next restart.
3. Capture Sysprepped XP Image to WDS server
Reboot the client to the network card. When prompted, press F12 to initiate the PXE boot process. The computer then proceeds to contact the WDS server and boot the client. Choose to start the XP Capture Boot Image.
Specify the location of the Windows installation to capture.
If you did not sysprep your installation image, you will not be able to select a volume to capture. Go back and sysprep the image. If you sysprepped, then select the volume to capture, fill in the other fields and click next.
Choose where you would like to store the image. Initially, the image is built and stored locally on the client. When it has finished building it will be automatically uploaded to the WDS server. Choose a build destination on the local drive and name the image. Check the box to upload the image to the WDS server. Enter the name of the server and click connect. Select the image group name and click Finish.
The image capture completes. After the image uploads to the WDS server, click close. Open the WDS management console and verify that the image is in the "Install Images" folder and in the proper image group. In this example the DellGX620 image is in the Computer Lab Desktops group.
We are done capturing and uploading an image to the WDS server.
4. Deploy image from WDS server to client.
PXE Boot the client you wish to image. In the Windows Boot Manager choose "XP Deployment Boot Image" (or whatever name you chose for it in step one.)
Fill in the appropriate responses in the windows that follow, regarding keyboard / locale options, user / password, OS to be installed, location to install, etc. Windows will then begin installing the image.
After the image installation procedure completes, the computer will reboot and Windows setup continues. Finally, Windows starts up and you are DONE !